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Archive for September 2008

Lagundi Tea

I. INTRODUCTION

 

What is Lagundi?

 

Lagundi or Vitex negundo is a large shrub native to the Philippines which has been used as a traditional herbal medicine for centuries. It is commonly found in tropical, subtropical and also warm temperate regions throughout the world, especially in the Philippines.

Research on lagundi conducted by the Philippine Department of Health has suggested that the plant has a number of practical uses, and the use of lagundi is actively promoted by the government as a result. Outside of the Philippines, preparations of lagundi are sometimes available at stores which supply herbal medicines, or through practitioners of herbal and alternative medicine.

This plant is native to the swamps of the Philippines, where it can sometimes grow quite tall. It has a single thick, woody stem like a trunk, and the leaves appear palmately, in the form of five pointed leaves which splay out like the fingers of a hand. The leaves, root, flowers, and seeds of lagundi all appear to have medicinal values.

 

 

II. USES

 

The use of five-leaved chaste tree for medicinal purposes has been known for a long time in China, Korea, Japan, Indonesia, Philippines and other Asian countries. Today, pharmaceutical companies in Japan are importing wild vitex negundo from Philippines. The root is reported to be tonic, febrifuge, and expectorant. The root is also used in a great variety of diseases: dyspepsia, colic, rheumatism, worms, boils, and leprosy. The flowers are used in diarrhea, cholera, fever, and diseases of the liver, and are also recommended as a cardiac tonic. The seeds make a cooling medicine for skin diseases and leprosy, and for inflammation of the mouth. The leaves are used as a tea for conditions like coughs and asthma.

Preparations of lagundi have been used for a wide variety of complaints traditionally, although scientific research has concentrated on its use for respiratory complaints. Lagundi is generally accepted in the Philippines to be useful for coughs, asthma symptoms, and other respiratory problems, and the Philippine government actively promotes it as an alternative to Western cough medicines. Some doctors also prescribe lagundi to assist in the treatment of asthma, as regular doses appear to reduce the strength of asthma attacks.

As an analgesic, lagundi also appears to have some efficacy. It has been compared to drugs like aspirin in trials which show that lagundi may be useful in the treatment of things like pain after dental extractions. Some people like to take lagundi before going in for extractions, in an attempt to pre-empt the associated pain and discomfort.

 

Lagundi is prepared by boiling it, steeping it, and then straining it. At home, people make lagundi teas from the leaves, often producing a large amount and bottling the excess to use later. Commercially, lagundi can be purchased in the form of syrup or capsules to make it easier to handle. It is also blended in with cough medicines and other herbal remedies.

As with other herbal medicines, lagundi should not be taken without consulting a doctor, as it may potentially conflict with other medications or it may be contraindicated for a particular condition. If your doctor is resistant to herbal treatments, you may want to seek out a practitioner who supports complementary medicine so that you can get sound advice about whether or not lagundi is safe for you.

Indications/Uses:

Asthma

Cough

Fever

dysentery

Colds & pain in any part of the body

Skin diseases & wounds- dermatitis, scabies, ulcer, eczema

Headache

Rheumatism

Sprain

Confusions

Insect bites

Aromatic bath for sick patients

 

III. PROCEDURE

 

Put one glass of dried leaves or as desired in the pot or frying pan.

Fry the dried leaves until crisp. Frying prevents molds formation.

Crush the fried leaves using mortar and pestle.

The remaining fried leaves will be use for the tea.

Put one tbsp. of fried crushed leaves in the teabags.

Secure the teabags by sewing or staple and put a string.

 

Collection Guidelines:

Collect the healthy leaves or plants 500 m away from polluted area.

Collect on three consecutive sunny days from 7:00AM to 10:00AM.

Temperature, humidity, light and manner of handling during harvests affect the active constituent of plants.

Leaves are best collected when the plant is about to bloom or before the flowers open; and spare some leaves otherwise the plant will die.

 

Processing:

Sorting- remove dirt, impurities and damaged portions.

Washing- most plants are washed to meet the standard cleanliness; clean in a big “batya” or basin.

Slicing- leaves are cut into fine strips, and whole plants into sections.

 

 

 

Storage Guidelines:

 

Maintain the moisture at 10%. This makes the medicinal components concentrated. The dryer the plants the more effective they are. Drying makes the herbs taste more palatable.

Place in a cool dry place and ventilated area to prevent stocks from insects, rodents, and micro-organisms such as fungus.

Materials (plants) rich in volatile oils are to be kept in air light containers away from light brown bottles are preferred to prevent photochemical changes.

Medicinal plants may also be stored in cloth bags or plastics.

If placed in bottles or tin cans, be sure to put charcoal or lime to act as moisture absorbent.

Label the medicinal plants to prevent misuse or mixed-up. Include the date prepared, indications, precautions and contraindications.

Regularly inspect for any growth of moulds or insect in filtration.

Expiration: Once moulds start, the medicinal components are destroyed.

As soon as plants have been collected, dry them immediately to prevent denaturation, decay and fungal attacks.

 

Ways of Drying:

Air drying or shade drying- appropriate for leaves and flowers.

a. Put the wash leaves in the air dryer in a shady area for 3 to 5 days or until completely dry.

b. Crush by using hands to about 2 to 3 mm in size.

 

 

c. Measure 4 tbsp. of crush leaves and place in a plastic container then seal.

d. Label: the name, date prepared, indications, etc. Keep in a cool dry place away from sunlight.

 

 

 

 

 

IV. DOSAGE

 

 

Adults: 1/2 cup, 3 times a day

 

 

Children’s: (Babies) 1 table spoon, every 4 hours

(2-6 yrs.) 1/4 cup, every 4 hours

 

 

(7-12 yrs.) 1/2 cup, every 4 hours

One tea bag can be used 3x within 24 hours.

1 cup of Lagundi infusion 3x a day.

 

 

V. INGREDIENTS and MATERIALS

 

 

Lagundi (Vitex Negundo) tea is made purely from dried mature leaves of lagundi. These leaves are processed into tea form following GMP standards as prescribed by BFAD.

Fried Crushed leaves

Tea bags (hard absorbent paper)

 

(Vitex negundo)

 

UFC’s Chuck “Iceman” Lidell was surprised during his open workout at the Mall of Asia last September 21, 2008, a Sunday. The Iceman was mobbed and swarmed by thousands of adoring pinoy fans. The Iceman was shocked as he could not believe that the sport is very popular in the Philippines and he could not believe himself that he have a pinoy fan base.

Chuck “Iceman” Lidell who have a record of 21 wins. and packed with 14 big K.O.’s and six losses was in the country together with the big boss of UFC to help promote the Mixed Martial Sports Organization.

 

Possibilities of Live UFC matches to be held in the Philippines will be part of the discussion..

so lets’ get in on!..

October 1, 2008, A Wednesday is another no school and no working holiday for the Republic of the Philippines as President Aroyo issued Proclamation 1625 in observance of the end of Ramadan. Paving way for our Muslim brothers.

If you are located in Cebu as of September 23, 2008. Someone is badly needing your blood (B+). The blood will be used for blood transfussion. If there is someone out there who has a kind heart, then don’t hesistate to contact this number: 09104878338 

FYI: i am just helping out a stranger, got this information from a piece of paper posted anywhere in my school. (stairways, corridors, bulletin boards)

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  • San Miguel (99) Beats Red Bull (90) last September 15, 2008, Monday at the start of the PBA Pre-season Tournament. San Miguel’s new recruits, Jay Washington from Talk n Text and Mick Pennisi from Red Bull has prooved their worth. As Jay Wash Scored 18 points while Mick the Slick has 6 points with 5 boards plus 2 assists. Red Bull had lots of match-up problems during the game considering they are now a small team, after lossing key players,.. (Pennisi, Topex Robinson and Kiko Adriano)

SMB – Washington 18, Siegle 15, Gonzales 15, Hontiveros 11, Peña 8, Bono 7, Pennisi 6, Custodio 5, Racela 5, Calaguio 3, Villanueva 2, Pingris 2, Cortez 2

Redbull – Baguio 15, Sharma 14, Alvarez 9, Espinas 9, Membrere 8, Cruz 7, Magpayo 6, Rodriguez 6, Hubalde 6, Ybañez 3, Najorda 2, Hrabak 0, Duncil 0

  • Alaska (90) downs Rain or Shine (77) Last September 17, 2008, Wednesday. As New Recruit Joe Devance and L.A. Tenorio both powered Alaska with 15 points a piece. Rain or Shine’s Gabe Norwood and Solomon Mercado were not a factor during the game. It was T.Y. Tang’s star shined during the 1st quarter of the game where Tang scored all his 9 points in a 14-0 blast to cut down the teams deficit to four points as they ended the first quarter.

Alaska – Devance 15, Tenorio 15, Miller 14, Thoss 12, Cariaso 10, Dela Cruz 9, Fonacier 7, Hugnatan 4, Sotto 4, Quiñahan 0, Ferriols 0

Rain or Shine – Laure 15, Norwood 13, Reyes 11, Tang 9, Andaya 6, Wainwright 5, Dulay 5, Arana 5, Isip 4, Salangsang 2, Lopez 0

  • Singapore Slingers (124) blows out Air21 (86) in a tune up match held over at Singapore’s Indoor Stadium. The 2008 PBA Finalist were no match with the Slingers as they have problems at start of the game as Singapore Dominated through out the whole game. As frustrations set in, Homer Se flared up and lost his concentration and ended up kicking Slinger’s top player named Eric Sandrin.. and He did it twice and was obviously thrown out of the game. Gary David and Egay Billiones was not part of this exhibition as the two players were spending quality time with their respective family. Big contributors to Air21’s cause were Arwind Santos had 24 points, Homer Se had 12,  Cañaleta had 11 and JC intal 10.

Plant Description

Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a knotted, thick, beige underground stem (rhizome). The stem extends roughly 12 inches above ground with long, narrow, ribbed, green leaves, and white or yellowish-green flowers.

Chemical Composition

The major constituents in Zingiber officinale are the pungent vanilloids, [6]-gingerol and [6]-paradol.  Ginger contains two other phenolic compounds, shogaols and zingerone in addition to [6]-gingerol.  High amounts of iron (54–62 mg/100 g) and calcium (1.0%–1.5%) are found in ginger rhizomes.  The antioxidant, antitumor, and anti-inflammatory pharmacologic effects of ginger are mainly due to its pungent constituents (e.g., [6]-gingerol).

Ginger is now cultivated around the world for the root. Ginger has a unique odor and taste: aromatic and pungent. Ginger has two known active constituents, gingerols and gingerdione. Ginger is a traditional oriental medicine.

The medicinal part of ginger is the rhizome, an underground stem that most people mistakenly refer to as a root. In Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine, the rhizome has a long-standing reputation as a digestive aid. It is ground up and used in numerous Chinese herbal prescriptions. Ayurvedic practitioners refer to ginger as the universal medicine because it aids the body’s digestive function by relieving gas, bloating, and cramps, says Joseph Selvester, an Ayurvedic herbalist in Gainesville, Florida.

Ginger powder is produced from ginger, cultivated by a small group of committed, marginal farmers who have been traditionally growing ginger. Ginger is commonly used as a spice in cooking, specially in India and China.

Medicinal Uses and Indications

Ginger root is widely used as a digestive aid for mild stomach upset and is commonly recommended by health care professionals to help prevent or treat nausea and vomiting associated with motion sickness, pregnancy, and cancer chemotherapy. Ginger is used as support in inflammatory conditions such as arthritis, and may even be used in heart disease or cancer.

Motion Sickness

Several studies suggest that ginger may be more effective than placebo in reducing symptoms associated with motion sickness. In one trial of 80 novice sailors (prone to motion sickness), those who took powdered ginger experienced a significant reduction in vomiting and cold sweating compared to those who took placebo. Similar results were found in a study with healthy volunteers. While these results are promising, other studies suggest that ginger is not as effective as medications in reducing symptoms associated with motion sickness. In a small study of volunteers who were given ginger (fresh root and powder form), scopolamine (a medication commonly prescribed for motion sickness), or placebo, those receiving the medication experienced significantly fewer symptoms compared to those who received ginger.

Conventional prescription and non-prescription medicines that decrease nausea may also cause unwanted side effects, such as dry mouth and drowsiness. Given the safety of ginger, many people find it a welcome alternative to these medications to relieve their motion sickness.

Pregnancy Related Nausea and Vomiting

A limited number of human studies suggests that 1 gram daily of ginger may be safe and effective for pregnancy-associated nausea and vomiting when used for short periods (no longer than 4 days). Several studies have found that ginger is more effective than placebo in relieving nausea and vomiting associated with pregnancy. In a small study including 30 pregnant women with severe vomiting, those who ingested 1 gram of ginger every day for four days reported more relief from vomiting than those who received placebo. In a larger study including 70 pregnant women with nausea and vomiting, those who received a similar dosage of ginger felt less nauseous and experienced fewer vomiting episodes than those who received placebo.

Chemotherapy nausea

There is evidence from a few studies that suggests ginger reduces the severity and duration of nausea (but not vomiting) during chemotherapy. Long-term studies should be performed to confirm these results and to establish safety.

Nausea and vomiting following surgery

Research has produced mixed results regarding the use of ginger in the treatment of nausea and vomiting following surgery. In two studies, 1 gram of ginger root before surgery reduced nausea as effectively as a leading medication. In one of these two studies, women who received ginger also required fewer nausea-relieving medications following surgery. Other studies, however, have failed to find the same positive effects. In fact, one study found that ginger may actually increase vomiting following surgery.

Inflammation

In addition to providing relief from nausea and vomiting, ginger extract has long been used in traditional medical practices to decrease inflammation. In fact, many health care professionals today use ginger to help treat health problems associated with inflammation, such as arthritis and ulcerative colitis. In a study of 261 people with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee, those who received a ginger extract twice daily experienced less pain and required fewer pain-killing medications compared to those who received placebo. Although there have also been a few other studies of the benefit of ginger for arthritis, one trial found that the herb was no more effective than ibuprofen or placebo in reducing symptoms of OA.

 

Other uses

  • Although it is much too early to tell if this will benefit those with heart disease, a few preliminary studies suggest that ginger may lower cholesterol and prevent the blood from clotting. Each of these effects may protect the blood vessels from blockage and the damaging effects of blockage such as atherosclerosis, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke.
  • Laboratory studies have also found that components in ginger may have anticancer activity. More research needs to be performed to determine the effects of ginger on various cancers in humans.

·         Prepare Spice tea and ginger tea

·         Prepare pulse and lentil curries

·         Prepare snack, when pickled in vinegar

·         Health benefits of ginger:

·          Acts as a stimulant and carminative

·         Decreases joint pain from arthritis

·         Stimulates  the secretion of saliva

Dosage

Pediatric

Ginger should not be used by children under 2 years of age.

Ginger may be used by children over 2 years of age to treat nausea, digestive cramping, and headaches. Adjust the recommended adult dose to account for the child’s weight. Most herbal dosages for adults are calculated on the basis of a 150 lb (70 kg) adult. Therefore, if the child weighs 50 lb (20 – 25 kg), the appropriate dose of ginger for this child would be 1/3 of the adult dosage.

Adult

In general, ginger intake should not exceed 4 grams in one day (this includes the ginger obtained through diet such as from ginger ale, ginger snaps, and ginger bread). Usually, food sources contain no more than 0.5% ginger.

Standardized dose: Take 75 – 2,000 mg in divided doses with food, standardized to contain 4% volatile oils or 5% total pungent compounds including 6-gingerol or 6-shogaol.

For nausea, gas, or indigestion: 2 – 4 grams of fresh root daily (0.25 – 1.0 g of powdered root) or 1.5 – 3.0 mL (30 – 90 drops) liquid extract daily. To prevent vomiting, take 1 gram of powdered ginger (1/2 tsp) or its equivalent, every 4 hours as needed (not to exceed 4 doses daily), or 2 ginger capsules (1 gram), 3 times daily. You may also chew a 1/4 oz piece of fresh ginger when needed.

To relieve arthritis pain: Take fresh ginger juice, extract, or tea, 2 – 4 grams daily. Topical ginger oil may also be rubbed into a painful joint. Fresh ginger root may also be placed in a warm poultice or compress and apply to painful areas.

For cold and flu symptoms, sore throat, headache and menstrual cramps: Steep 2 tbsp of freshly shredded ginger in hot water, 2 – 3 times daily. A drop of ginger oil or a few slices of fresh rhizome may also be placed in steaming water and inhaled.

Procedure

  1. Clean the ginger and peel off the skin.
  2. Grate ginger.
  3. Squeeze the juice out of the grated ginger using a cheesecloth.
  4. Mix 1 cup of the ginger juice with 1 cup white sugar.
  5. Heat on high heat until it boils with constant stirring.
  6. Set at low fire with continuous stirring until the mixture turns into powder.
  7. Let cool before transferring to a clean container and seal.
  8. For a fine product finish, grind the powder with the use of a coffee grinder. (optional)

 

Latest updates around the PBA.

  1. Topex Robinson, the pesky guard has officially left the Reb Bull team in favor of joining Purefoods. Unfortunately, Topex was not able to join the team for the invitational practice with the Qatar national team in Qatar and the Singapore Slingers in Singapore since he was a late addition for the team’s rooster.
  2. Red Bull has now officialy signed their 2008 draftees, Larry Rodriguez and Jeff Chan, While Big Mac Marc Andaya was let go by the team and fighting for slots now for the team are Kiko Adriano, Paolo Hubalde and Al Magpayo.
  3. Reed Juntilla will be kick out soon by the Redbull management for being AWOL (absent without leave),  rumor has it that Juntilla is still with his girlfriend in Cebu. and Juntilla has lots of history regarding being AWOL with his previous teams.
  4. Mick Pennisi, the last orginal Redbull will soon leave the the team, completion of deals of the trade is being discuss with San Miguel. Exchange for the trade will be future draft picks. San Miguel on the other hand needs big men hence Danny ILdefonso is still injured and Eman Samigue is strengthening his legs in the US. So it leaves as their only player at center position now is Dorian Peña
  5. Air21’s 2008 draft picks who are Mark Borboran and Cholo Villanueva have officially signed contracts for the team. and they will be keeping JC Intal this season. They have now a total of 12 players on their rooster. And Other news about Jaworski to coach the team is still unclear.
  6. The Singapore Slingers still wants the services of Jason Castro after they released the player to Talk n Text. But Talk n Text Management turns down the offer of the Singapore based team. And Obviously Castro opted out from the Slingers after the Slingers Left the Australlian based Basketball Leauge (NBL)
  7. Over at Barangay Ginebra camp,. the management is still looking for Rudy Hatfield, Rudy left the team to attend his marriage with his girlfriend at US, it has already been more than a season since Rudy Left and he has still a contract left with the team and Ginebra has still rights to Rudy Hatfield..